O&M Terminology

Let’s take a look at a few terms you may often hear with regards to travel.


Refers to the ability to know where you are in space, and where you want to go. For instance, orientation is the ability to know where you are sitting in relation to a door in a conference room, and which direction you need to travel in order to head back to your office.


Refers to the ability to move safely, efficiently, and effectively from one place to another. For instance, the ability to travel from your office to your home while navigating obstacles, steps, crossing streets or using public transportation.

Orientation and Mobility Instructor

An O&M instructor or specialist refers to a person that teaches safe, efficient, and effective travel skills to people who are blind or visually impaired.

Go to next topic: The Mobility Cane